5 Key Takeaways on the Road to Dominating Health

The Basic Facts of Periodontal Disease

The most basic fact that you need to know about the periodontitis or the gum disease is that this is very common and has been able to affect 80% of the population. The gingivitis on the other hand is what you are able to hear most of the time when it comes to the toothpaste manufacturers. When there is an inflammation of the gums then this is gingivitis. What you need to know about this is that aside from your gums being swollen and red, there is also a good chance that it will bleed when you decide to floss. When you floss and brush, what happens is that you are able to cure gingivitis since the inflammation will subside. The main reason as to why gingivitis happens is because of the presence of plaque. And plaque happens because of the accumulation of bacteria. The gums will become swollen and red when the bacteria will not be removed. The first stage of the gum disease is gingivitis.

What you need to know about periodontitis is that this is a gum disease that is very serious. If you do not know what periodontitis then the first thing that you need to be aware of is the fact that it is not only limited to affecting the gums only. The periodontitis as a matter of fact can cause adverse effects to the bone that is supporting the teeth. There are various factors that are being used in order to be able to classify the periodontitis. These factors are the severity of disease if it is either advanced, mild or moderate. There are in fact also various reasons as to why a person can have periodontitis. It has been found out that some of the reasons behind the presence of this disease is due to the following: systemic disease, bacteria, immune system and genetics. It will take a few years before a person will be aware of the changes caused by the disease. It will only take a few years after due to the fact that this is the kind of disease wherein the advancement happens asymptomatically and slowly. The effect of the periodontal disease is that it can reduce the support for the teeth and bone loss as well. There will now a be a space between the gum and tooth which is a space that is called as the periodontal pocket.

A person that has a normal health with have a measurement of his tooth and gum that is 3 mm or less. What you need to know about the periodontal pocket is that the measurement of this can be from 4 mm to 12 mm or even more actually. It is as a matter of fact virtually impossible to have the bacteria removed due to the periodontal pocket. This is the kind of environment that the bacteria can thrive and live in.